Active Voice to Passive Voice Rules - Future Study Point

Active Voice to Passive Voice Rules

active to passive rules

  Active Voice to Passive Voice Rules

active to passive rules

Active Voice to Passive Voice Rules

Active and passive voices are the two types of the sentences in which we communicate with each other, the active voice is the sentence in which the subject is made to be active, and the passive voice is the type of sentence in which the subject is made inactive(i.e passive) as an example.

Active: Ram eats the food.

Passive: The food is eaten by Ram.

By applying ’by‘ before the subject, the subject has become inactive(passive)

There are certain rules when we transform active voice sentences into passive sentences. Let’s learn how the sentences of active voices are transformed into passive voices sentences tenses-wise and sentences-wise.

Present Indefinite: Active Voice to Passive Voice Rules

Helping verb (passive voice),‘is’,‘are’

Affirmative

Passive voice structure: Object + helping verb(is/are) +third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Ram sings a song.

Passive voice: A song is sung by Ram.

Active voice: Ram and Shyam eat bananas.

Passive voice: Bananas are eaten by Ram and Shyam.

Negative

Passive voice structure: Object + helping verb(is/are) +not+third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Ram does not sing a song.

Passive voice: A song is not sung by Ram.

Active voice: Ram and Shyam do not eat bananas.

Passive voice: Bananas are not eaten by Ram and Shyam.

Interrogative

Passive voice structure: is/are +Object +third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Does Ram sing a song?

Passive voice: Is a song sung by Ram?

Active voice: Do Ram and Shyam eat bananas.

Passive voice: Are Bananas eaten by Ram and Shyam?

Interrogative

Passive voice structure: is/are +Object +not+third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Does Ram sing not a song?

Passive voice: Is a song not sung by Ram?

Active voice: Do Ram and Shyam not eat bananas.

Passive voice: Are Bananas not eaten by Ram and Shyam?

Present Continuous: Active Voice to Passive Voice Rules

Helping verb (passive voice),‘is being’,‘are being’

Affirmative

Passive voice structure: Object + is/are+being +third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Ram is singing a song.

Passive voice: A song is being sung by Ram.

Active voice: Ram and Shyam is eating bananas.

Passive voice: Bananas are being eaten by Ram and Shyam.

Negative

Passive voice structure: Object + helping verb(is/are) +not+third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Ram is not singing a song.

Passive voice: A song is not being sung by Ram.

Active voice: Ram and Shyam are not eating bananas.

Passive voice: Bananas are not being eaten by Ram and Shyam.

Interrogative

Passive voice structure: is/are +Object +being+third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Is  Ram singing a song?

Passive voice: Is a song being sung by Ram?

Active voice: Are  Ram and Shyam eating bananas?

Passive voice: Are Bananas being eaten by Ram and Shyam?

Interronegative

Passive voice structure: is/are +Object +being+not+third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Is Ram not singing a song?

Passive voice: Is a song not being sung by Ram?

Active voice: Are Ram and Shyam eating bananas.

Passive voice: Are Bananas not being eaten by Ram and Shyam?

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Present Perfect Tense: Active Voice to Passive Voice Rules

Helping verb (passive voice),‘has been’,‘have been’

Affirmative

Passive voice structure: Object +has/have +been+third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Ram has sung a song.

Passive voice: A song has been sung by Ram.

Active voice: Ram and Shyam have eaten bananas.

Passive voice: Bananas have been eaten by Ram and Shyam.

Negative

Passive voice structure: Object + has/have +not+been +third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Ram has not sung a song.

Passive voice: A song has not been sung by Ram.

Active voice: Ram and Shyam have not eaten bananas.

Passive voice: Bananas have not been eaten by Ram and Shyam.

Interrogative

Passive voice structure: Has/have +Object +been+third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Has Ram sung a song?

Passive voice: Has a song been sung by Ram?

Active voice: Have Ram and Shyam eaten bananas.

Passive voice: Have Bananas been eaten by Ram and Shyam?

Interronegative

Passive voice structure: Has/have +Object +not+been+third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Has Ram not sung  a song?

Passive voice: Has a song not been sung by Ram?

Active voice: Have Ram and Shyam not eaten bananas.

Passive voice: Have Bananas not been eaten by Ram and Shyam?

Past Indefinite Tense: Active Voice to Passive Voice Rules

Helping verb (passive voice),‘is’,‘are’

Affirmative

Passive voice structure: Object + helping verb(is/are) +third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Ram sings a song.

Passive voice: A song is sung by Ram.

Active voice: Ram and Shyam eat bananas.

Passive voice: Bananas are eaten by Ram and Shyam.

Negative

Passive voice structure: Object + helping verb(is/are) +not+third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Ram does not sing a song.

Passive voice: A song is not sung by Ram.

Active voice: Ram and Shyam do not eat bananas.

Passive voice: Bananas are not eaten by Ram and Shyam.

Interrogative

Passive voice structure: is/are +Object +third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Does Ram sing a song?

Passive voice: Is a song sung by Ram?

Active voice: Do Ram and Shyam eat bananas.

Passive voice: Are Bananas eaten by Ram and Shyam?

Interrogative

Passive voice structure: is/are +Object +not+third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Does Ram sing not a song?

Passive voice: Is a song not sung by Ram?

Active voice: Do Ram and Shyam not eat bananas.

Passive voice: Are Bananas not eaten by Ram and Shyam?

Past Continuous: Active Voice to Passive Voice Rules

Helping verb (passive voice),‘was being’,‘were being’

Affirmative

Passive voice structure: Object + was/were+being +third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Ram was singing a song.

Passive voice: A song was being sung by Ram.

Active voice: Ram and Shyam were eating bananas.

Passive voice: Bananas were being eaten by Ram and Shyam.

Negative

Passive voice structure: Object + was/were +not+being+third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Ram was not singing a song.

Passive voice: A song was not being sung by Ram.

Active voice: Ram and Shyam were not eating bananas.

Passive voice: Bananas were not being eaten by Ram and Shyam.

Interrogative

Passive voice structure: was/were +Object +being+third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Was  Ram singing a song?

Passive voice: Was a song being sung by Ram?

Active voice: Were  Ram and Shyam eating bananas?

Passive voice: Were Bananas being eaten by Ram and Shyam?

Interronegative

Passive voice structure:were/was +Object +being+not+third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Was Ram not singing a song?

Passive voice: Was a song not being sung by Ram?

Active voice: Were Ram and Shyam eating bananas.

Passive voice: Were Bananas not being eaten by Ram and Shyam?

Future Perfect Tense: Active Voice to Passive Voice Rules

Helping verb (passive voice),‘had been’,‘had been’

Affirmative

Passive voice structure: Object +had +been+third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Ram had sung a song.

Passive voice: A song had been sung by Ram.

Active voice: Ram and Shyam had eaten bananas.

Passive voice: Bananas had been eaten by Ram and Shyam.

Negative

Passive voice structure: Object + had +not+been +third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Ram had not sung a song.

Passive voice: A song had not been sung by Ram.

Active voice: Ram and Shyam had not eaten bananas.

Passive voice: Bananas had not been eaten by Ram and Shyam.

Interrogative

Passive voice structure: Had +Object +been+third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Had Ram sung a song?

Passive voice: Had a song been sung by Ram?

Active voice: Had Ram and Shyam eaten bananas.

Passive voice: Had Bananas been eaten by Ram and Shyam?

Interronegative

Passive voice structure: Had+Object +not+been+third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Had Ram not sung  a song?

Passive voice: Had a song not been sung by Ram?

Active voice: Had Ram and Shyam not eaten bananas.

Passive voice: Had Bananas not been eaten by Ram and Shyam?

Future Indefinite Tense: Active Voice to Passive Voice Rules

Helping verb (passive voice),‘will be’,‘shall be’

Affirmative

Passive voice structure: Object + will be/shall be +third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Ram will sing a song.

Passive voice: A song will be sung by Ram.

Active voice: Ram and Shyam will eat bananas.

Passive voice: Bananas will be eaten by Ram and Shyam.

Negative

Passive voice structure: Object + will not be/shall not be +third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Ram will not sing a song.

Passive voice: A song will not be sung by Ram.

Active voice: Ram and Shyam will not eat bananas.

Passive voice: Bananas will not be eaten by Ram and Shyam.

Interrogative

Passive voice structure:  will /shall +subject+be +third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice:  Will Ram sing a song?

Passive voice: Will a song be sung by Ram?

Active voice: Will Ram and Shyam eat bananas?

Passive voice: Will Bananas be eaten by Ram and Shyam?

Interronegative

Passive voice structure:  Will /Shall +subject+be +third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice:  Will Ram not sing a song?

Passive voice: Will a song not be sung by Ram?

Active voice: Will Ram and Shyam not eat bananas?

Passive voice: Will Bananas not be eaten by Ram and Shyam?

Future Perfect Tense: Active Voice to Passive Voice Rules

Helping verb (passive voice),‘will have been’,‘shall have been’

Affirmative

Passive voice structure: Object + will have been/shall have been +third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Ram will have sung a song.

Passive voice: A song will have been sung by Ram.

Active voice: Ram and Shyam will have eaten bananas.

Passive voice: Bananas will have been eaten by Ram and Shyam.

Negative

Passive voice structure: Object + will have /shall have +not+third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice: Ram will have not sung a song.

Passive voice: A song will have not been sung by Ram.

Active voice: Ram and Shyam will have not eaten bananas.

Passive voice: Bananas will have not been eaten by Ram and Shyam.

Interrogative

Passive voice structure:  will /shall +subject+have  +been+third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice:  Will Ram have sung a song?

Passive voice: Will a song have been sung by Ram?

Active voice: Will Ram and Shyam have eaten bananas?

Passive voice: Will Bananas have been eaten by Ram and Shyam?

Interronegative

Passive voice structure:  Will /Shall +subject+be +third form of the main verb+by +object.

Active voice:  Will Ram have not sung a song?

Passive voice: Will a song have not been sung by Ram?

Active voice: Will Ram and Shyam have eaten bananas?

Passive voice: Will Bananas have not been eaten by Ram and Shyam?

 Imperative Sentences: Active Voice to Passive Voice Rules

The types of sentences in which order, respect, and advice are expressed are known as Imperative sentences, for changing imperative sentences into passive voice, the passive voice of imperative sentences always starts with ‘Let’ and ‘be’ is placed after the objects.

Structure : Let + object +be +third form  +subject

Active: Tell him to get out.

Passive: Let him be told to get out.

Active: Help me.

Passive: Let me be helped.

Active: Throw this ball to me.

Passive: Let this ball be thrown to me.

When imperative sentences are negative

Structure : Let + object +not+be +third form  +subject.

Example

Active: Do not beat me.

Passive: Let me not be beaten.

Active: Do not touch it.

Passive: Let it not be touched.

Active to Passive rules in case when modal auxiliary (May, can, should,ought,ought..) are used in Active voice

Affirmative

Structure: Object + Modal + be + third form of the verb

Example

Active: Our teacher may take a class test today.

Passive: A class test may be taken by our teacher today.

Active: You should obey traffic rules.

Passive: The traffic rules should be obeyed by you.

Exclamatory sentences into passive voice

Active: What an intelligent person you are!

Passive: You are exclaimed to be an intelligent person.

Active: May God help us!

Passive: May we are helped by God.

Active: Hurray! We have won the match!

Passive: The match we have won is cheered.

Active: What! He is dead!

Passive: It is surprised to get that he is dead.

You can download PDF- Direct and Indirect Narration rules Tenses wise and Sentences wise

Download PDF:Direct and Indirect Narration rules Tenses wise and Sentences wise

You can also study

Active Voice to Passive Voice Rules

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