What is the difference between Prokaryotic Cell and Eukaryotic Cell? - Future Study Point

What is the difference between Prokaryotic Cell and Eukaryotic Cell?

eukaryotic and prokaryotic cell

What is the difference between Prokaryotic cells and Eukaryotic cells?

The prokaryotic cell is the oldest cell on the way of evolution on the earth, prokaryotic cell is a unicellular cell, it is an undeveloped cell in which some of the cell organelles are absent. The eukaryotic cell is the advanced cell that is modified from the prokaryotic cell, the eukaryotic cell contains all the membrane-bound cell organelles, all the multicellular organisms are made of the eukaryotic cell, the example of prokaryotic cells are germs, blue-green algae, etc .the examples of eukaryotic cells are amoeba, paramecium, euglena, and multicellular organisms.

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  • Prokaryotic Cell Vs Eukaryotic Cell
  • The difference between Prokaryotic Cell and Eukaryotic Cell

eukaryotic and prokaryotic cell

Prokaryotic Cell Vs Eukaryotic Cell

A prokaryotic Cell is an undeveloped cell that has no true nucleus and membrane-bound cell organelles.  Prokaryote is derived from the Greek word ‘Pro’ (meaning: old) and ‘Karyone’ (meaning: nut), its meaning is before nuclei.The eukaryotic Cell is a developed cell that has a true nucleus and membrane-bound cell organelles.  A eukaryote is derived from the Greek word ‘Eu’ (meaning: well defined) and ‘Karyone’ (meaning: nut), its meaning is a well-defined nucleus. Prokaryotic cells are unicellular organisms, these are the most ancient group of living organisms on the earth which are explored by scientists by observing the many samples of fossils dating back to 3.5 billion years. Prokaryotic cells are simpler than the eukaryotic cell. A prokaryotic cell is smaller in size as compared to a eukaryotic cell. A prokaryotic cell has an absence of membrane-bound cell organelles like ER, mitochondria, Golgi apparatus, etc. Unicellular organisms like germs,archae are made of prokaryotic cells while all protozoal organisms like amoeba, paramecium, euglena, etc, and multicellular organisms are made of the eukaryotic cell. The cell division in prokaryotic organisms takes place through binary fission while cell division in multicellular organisms takes place through the process of mitosis.

The difference between Prokaryotic CProkaryoticell and Eukaryotic Cell?

Prokaryotic Cell

Eukaryotic Cell

It has an undefined nucleus called a nucleoidIt has a defined nucleus
The nuclear membrane is absentA nuclear membrane is present
It is always found in unicellular organismsIt is found in a unicellular and multicellular organism
Cell organelles are not bounded by the membraneAll cell organelles are  bounded by the membranes
All of the reactions take place inside the cytosolAll of the reactions take place inside the cytoplasm and individually inside the cell organelles
It is smaller in sizeIt is larger than a prokaryotic cell
Mitochondria, Lysosome, and centrosome are absentMitochondria, Lysosome and centrosome are present
Endoplasmic reticulums are absentEndoplasmic reticulums are present
Only cytosol is presentCytoplasm is present
Cell division takes place through binary fissionIn unicellular organisms like amoeba Cell division takes place through binary fission but in a multicellular organism, the cell division takes place through mitosis

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