Difference between Solution, Colloid, and Suspension
The solution is a homogeneous mixture in which two components solute and solvent are dissolved to each other completely for example water and salt. A colloid is a heterogeneous mixture that looks like a homogeneous mixture because of the moderate size of its particles as for example milk, its two components are the dispersed phase(cream) and dispersing medium(water), the dispersed phase and dispersing mediums are the counterparts of solute and solvent of the solution respectively. Suspension is an unstable heterogeneous mixture, the size of its particles is large enough to be seen by the naked eyes due to the gravity its particles settle down at the bottom immediately after its formation.
Point of content
- Features of a solution
- Features of a suspension
- Feature of a colloid
- Difference between Solution, Colloid and Suspension
- FAQ.s on Solution, Colloid, and Suspension
Features of a Solution
A solution is a true solution in which solute particles are completely dissolved in a solvent.
- The particle size of the solute in a solution is small to such an extent that can not be seen even with a powerful microscope.
- A solution is a homogenous mixture.
- The solution is stable and its solute particle do not settle down on keeping undisturbed.
- The particles of solute in a solution can not be separated by filter paper.
- The solution is transparent.
- The size of solute particles in a solution is less than 10^{-9} m
- The substance in smaller quantity dissolved in other substance is called the solute and other which is in larger quantity is called the solvent.
Features of a Suspension
Suspension is a heterogeneous mixture in which solute particles remain suspended in the solvent.
- A suspension is unstable
- Particles of solute settle down keeping it undisturbed for some time.
- A suspension is opaque.
- The particle of solute of a suspension can not pass through the pores of the filter paper.
- The size of solute particles in a suspension is more than 10^{-6} m.
- Particles in a suspension can be seen by the naked eye or a simple microscope.
Features of a colloidal solution
A colloid is a heterogeneous mixture in which particle size is relatively bigger than the particle size of the solution. In the colloid dispersed phase(i.e solute) is moderately dissolved to the dispersing phase(i.e solvent).
- A colloid solution is a heterogeneous mixture.
- A colloid solution is stable and its particles do not settle down on keeping it undisturbed.
- A colloid solution is translucent (i.e it allows a portion of the light through it).
- Particles of a dispersed phase in a colloid solution can not be seen by the naked eyes but can be seen by a powerful microscope.
- The particles of a colloidal solution can not be separated by ordinary filter paper.
- The size of particles of dispersed phase lie between (1 to 100 nm) i.e 10^{-9} m to 10^{-7} m.
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Difference between Solution, Colloid, and Suspension
Solution | Colloid | Suspension |
The solution is a homogenous mixture. | The colloid is a mixture that looks like a homogenous mixture but actually a heterogeneous mixture. | Suspension is a heterogeneous mixture. |
The components of solutions are solute and solvent. | The components of Colloid are dispersing medium and dispersed phase. | The component of suspension are suspended particles and the liquid. |
The size of the particles of the solution is the least. | The size of particles of colloid is moderate. | The size of particles of Suspension is the largest |
Both of the components are dissolved in each other completely. | Both of the components are dissolved in each other moderately. | Both of the components are not dissolved in each other. |
The size of the particles is
less than 10^{-9} m |
The size of the particles is
10^{-6} m – 10^{-9}m |
The size of the particles is
more than 10^{-9}m |
The solution doesn’t show the Tyndal effect because its particles are very small therefore when a beam of light is allowed to pass through the solution, the light is transmitted through it without scattering and reflection of the light by its particles, therefore light can’t be seen through the solution. | The colloid shows the Tyndal effect because the size of its particles is more than that of the solution, due to which its particles scatter light resultantly a strip of light is seen through the colloid when a beam of light is allowed to pass through it. The colour of the light strip depends on the size of the particles. | Suspension shows the Tyndal effect, because of the excess size of its particles, its particles can be seen by the naked eyes, when a beam of light is allowed to pass through it. resultantly a strip of light is seen through the suspension due to the reflection of the light by its particles. |
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