CBSE class 10 science most important questions and answers -Part 1 - Future Study Point

CBSE class 10 science most important questions and answers -Part 1

most important question and answers

CBSE class 10 science most important questions and answers -Part 1

CBSE class 10 science most important questions and answers -Part 1 are created for helping the students to boost their preparations of board exam of CBSE 2020-21. By studying CBSE class 10 science most important questions and answers   pubished by Future Study Point for 2020-21 board exam students will get a complete idea about the type of questions asked in the exam and the way of answering the questions in their answer sheet.

All the questions in CBSE class 10 science most important questions and answers for 2020-21 board are designed by the expert of the subject and their answers are readily explained in an ordered way.

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CBSE class 10 science most important questions and answers -Part 1

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Q1. (i) Why are solar heating devices painted black ?

(ii) Name two such devices and state two limitations of these.


(i). Solar heating devices are painted black because the black colour is the best absorber of heat,like solar cooker and solar cell both are painted black.

(ii).Solar Cooker and Solar cells are two Solar heating devices.

Solar cookar.It is used to convert sun’s radiation into heat energy ,it has following limitations.

(a) The food is cooked in it slowly.

(b) It can not be used at night.

Solar Cell. It is used to convert light energy into electricity,it has the following limitations.

(a).The solar cells can convert only 25 percent of light energy exposed on its surface into electricity.

(b).The solar cells can not work at night.

Q2. Distinguish between renewable and non-renewable sources of energy. Also give an example of each of these sources.


Renewable Source of Energy-The sources of energy that can be replenished easily or could be used forever without worrying about its complete exhaustion from the earth. At present the word’s 10 % of total energy is driven by renewable resources like solar energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, tidal energy, biomass energy.

Non-renewable source of energy. The sources of energy which can not be used forever because these are available in the earth in limited quantity, the formation of these sources required millions of years. Their continued use may lead their complete depletion out of the earth.The examples of Non-renewable resources are fossil fuel like oil, natural gas,coal etc.

Q3.Smita’s father has been advised by a doctor to reduce his sugar intake.

(i) Name the disease he is suffering from and name the hormone whose deficiency causes it.

(ii) Identify the gland that secretes it and mention the function of this hormone.

(iii) Explain how the time and amount of secretion of this hormone is regulated in human system 


(i) Smita’s father is suffering the disease Diabetes mellitus and the hormone whose deficiency causes it is Insulin.

(ii) The gland that secretes insulin is Pancreas and this hormone maintains to keep up the glucose level.

(iii) We get the energy by the breakdown of glucose into carbon dioxide, water, and energy in the form of ATP. The role of insulin is to store glucose into the liver cell. When the insulin secretion is less then it leads hyperglycemia, then, the blood glucose or blood sugar level increases causing Diabetes mellitus. Diabetes means siphon(passes) and Mellitus means sweat. When insulin secretion is less it leads to hypoglycemia.

Q4. In human alimentary canal name the site of the complete digestion of various components of food. Explain the process of digestion.

Answer. Although the digestion of food starts from the mouth, where saliva secreted breaks down carbohydrate and forms food bolus so that it could be swallowed easily

Further, the food transports through the esophagus and reaches to the stomach where the secretion of hydrochloric acid maintains the ph value suitable for the secretion of digestive enzymes (pepsin), which partially digest protein.

This partially digested food enters into the intestine where the enzymes secreted from the pancreas(amylase and trypsin) completely digest carbohydrate into the glucose and protein into amino acids and bile secreted by liver emulsify fat, enzymes secreted from pancreas digest that into fatty acid. Here the molecules of carbohydrate, protein and of fats completely changed chemically and then absorbed by the intestinal villies and enter into the bloodstream. 

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NCERT Solutions of Science and Maths for Class 9,10,11 and 12

NCERT Solutions for class 9 maths

Chapter 1- Number SystemChapter 9-Areas of parallelogram and triangles
Chapter 2-PolynomialChapter 10-Circles
Chapter 3- Coordinate GeometryChapter 11-Construction
Chapter 4- Linear equations in two variablesChapter 12-Heron’s Formula
Chapter 5- Introduction to Euclid’s GeometryChapter 13-Surface Areas and Volumes
Chapter 6-Lines and AnglesChapter 14-Statistics
Chapter 7-TrianglesChapter 15-Probability
Chapter 8- Quadrilateral

NCERT Solutions for class 9 science 

Chapter 1-Matter in our surroundingsChapter 9- Force and laws of motion
Chapter 2-Is matter around us pure?Chapter 10- Gravitation
Chapter3- Atoms and MoleculesChapter 11- Work and Energy
Chapter 4-Structure of the AtomChapter 12- Sound
Chapter 5-Fundamental unit of lifeChapter 13-Why do we fall ill ?
Chapter 6- TissuesChapter 14- Natural Resources
Chapter 7- Diversity in living organismChapter 15-Improvement in food resources
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NCERT Solutions for class 10 maths

Chapter 1-Real numberChapter 9-Some application of Trigonometry
Chapter 2-PolynomialChapter 10-Circles
Chapter 3-Linear equationsChapter 11- Construction
Chapter 4- Quadratic equationsChapter 12-Area related to circle
Chapter 5-Arithmetic ProgressionChapter 13-Surface areas and Volume
Chapter 6-TriangleChapter 14-Statistics
Chapter 7- Co-ordinate geometryChapter 15-Probability
Chapter 8-Trigonometry

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Chapter 1- Chemical reactions and equationsChapter 9- Heredity and Evolution
Chapter 2- Acid, Base and SaltChapter 10- Light reflection and refraction
Chapter 3- Metals and Non-MetalsChapter 11- Human eye and colorful world
Chapter 4- Carbon and its CompoundsChapter 12- Electricity
Chapter 5-Periodic classification of elementsChapter 13-Magnetic effect of electric current
Chapter 6- Life ProcessChapter 14-Sources of Energy
Chapter 7-Control and CoordinationChapter 15-Environment
Chapter 8- How do organisms reproduce?Chapter 16-Management of Natural Resources

NCERT Solutions for class 11 maths

Chapter 1-SetsChapter 9-Sequences and Series
Chapter 2- Relations and functionsChapter 10- Straight Lines
Chapter 3- TrigonometryChapter 11-Conic Sections
Chapter 4-Principle of mathematical inductionChapter 12-Introduction to three Dimensional Geometry
Chapter 5-Complex numbersChapter 13- Limits and Derivatives
Chapter 6- Linear InequalitiesChapter 14-Mathematical Reasoning
Chapter 7- Permutations and CombinationsChapter 15- Statistics
Chapter 8- Binomial Theorem Chapter 16- Probability

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NCERT solutions for class 12 maths

Chapter 1-Relations and FunctionsChapter 9-Differential Equations
Chapter 2-Inverse Trigonometric FunctionsChapter 10-Vector Algebra
Chapter 3-MatricesChapter 11 – Three Dimensional Geometry
Chapter 4-DeterminantsChapter 12-Linear Programming
Chapter 5- Continuity and DifferentiabilityChapter 13-Probability
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Chapter 7- Integrals
Chapter 8-Application of Integrals

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