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# Class 10 CBSE Maths Solutions of 3 and 4 Marks Questions Asked in the Last Years Exam-Part 1.

Class 10 CBSE Maths Solutions of 3 and 4 Marks Questions Asked in the Last Years Exam-Part 1 are very important to study for achieving excellent marks since among all the questions existing in the question papers 60-65 % marks of the questions are contributed by the questions of 3-4 marks.Studying 3-4 marks questions will automatically cover your preparations for other remaining questions of 1 and 2 marks,so you can now  understand the importance of 3-4 marks questions which are responsible for excellent marks or achieving A + grade in mathematics.

### Class 10 CBSE Maths Solutions of 3 and 4 Marks Questions Asked in the Last Years Exam-Part 1.

Q1.If the sum of first four terms of an AP is 40 and that of first 14 terms is 280 .Find the sum of its first n terms.

Ans. The sum of n terms of an AP is given by

Where ‘a’ is the first term and ‘d’ is the common difference of the given AP.

According to first condition n = 4, sum of 4 terms = 40

40= 2(2a + 3d)

2a + 3d = 20……………(i)

According to second condition n = 14 and sum of 14 terms=280

2a + 13d  = 40………….(ii)

Subtracting ( i)  from (ii) we get

10d = 20

d = 2

Substituting d= 2 in equation (i) or (ii),we get a = 7

Putting a =7 and d = 2 in sum formula of the AP,we will get sum of n terms

Hence the sum of n terms will be n² + 6n

Q2.A man in a boat rowing away from a lighthouse 100 m high takes 2 minutes to change the angle of elevation of the top of the lighthouse from 60º to 30º respectively. Find the speed of boat in meters per minute.(√3 =1.732)

Ans.

To find the speed of boat we are needed to find the distance AB traveled by boat in 2 minutes

From the figure AB = AC – BC, Let’s find AC and BC

In ΔADC and ΔBDC, we have

Therefore the speed of boat will be 57.73 meters/minute

Q3.A bucket open at the top is in the form of a frustum of a cone with a capacity of 12308.8 cm². The radii of the top and bottom of the circular ends of the bucket are 20 cm and 12 cm respectively. Find the height of the bucket and also the area of the metal sheet used in making it.

Ans.

Volume of bucket = 12308.8 cm.cube, let the height of the bucket = h

h = 15

Therefore height of the bucket =15 cm

S-Surface area of bucket

l-slant height

= 2162.29

Therefore the height of the bucket is 17 cm and the area of metal sheet used in making the bucket is 2162.29 cm².

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Q4.Two poles of equal heights are standing opposite each other on either side of the road, which is 80 m wide. From a point between them on the road, the angles of elevation of the top of the poles are 60° and 30° respectively. Find the height of the poles and the distances of the point from the poles.

Ans.

Let two poles  AB and CD of the height h are the two poles standing opposite each other on either side of the road and the distance of AB from a point E on the road is x meter and of CD is 80 –x.

In ΔABE  and  ΔDCE we have

Substituting x =h√3 in (ii)

√3(80– h√3) =h

80√3 – 3h = h

4h =80√3

h = 20√3

Putting the value of h in equation (i)

x = 20√3 × √3 = 20 × 3 = 60

Therefore the height of both poles is 20√3 m and the distances of poles from the point on the road are 60 m and 80–60 = 20 m.

Q5.Prove that in a right-angle triangle, the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of squares of the other two sides.

Ans

GIVEN. A right ΔABC

TO PROVE. BC² = AB² + AC²

CONSTRUCTION. Drawing AM ⊥ BC

PROOF. Considering the ΔABC and ΔABM

∠B  = ∠B (Common)

∠BAC = ∠AMB (AM ⊥ BC)

ΔABC ∼ ΔMBA

According to rule of similarity

We are required

AB²  = BC.BM………….(i)

Considering ΔABC and ΔAMC

∠C = ∠C (Common)

∠BAC = ∠AMC (AM ⊥ BC)

ΔABC ∼ ΔMAC (AA rule)

We are required

AC² = BC.CM………..(ii)

Adding both equations (i) and (ii)

AB² + AC² = BC.BM + BC.CM

AB² + AC² = BC (BM + CM)

AB² + AC² = BC.BC ( BM + CM = BC)

BC² = AB² + AC², Hence Proved

Therefore the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of squares of the other two sides in a right triangle.

Q6.There are two points on highway A,B. They are 70 km apart. An auto starts from A and another auto starts from B simultaneously. If they travel in the same direction, they meet in 7 hours, but if they travel towards each other they meet in 1 hour. Find how fast the two autos are.

Ans. Let one of the autos starts from A with a speed of x km/hr and other starts from point B with a speed of y km/hr.

The case when they move in the same direction, they meet after 7 hours,so the distance traveled by auto which starts from A is 7x km and the distance traveled by another auto is 7y km.

From the fig. above case (i)

7x – 7y = 70

x – y = 10…………(i)

The case when both the auto moves in the opposite direction, they meet after one hour, the distances traveled by auto which starts from A is x km and by the auto from B is y km.

From the fig. above case (ii) we have

x + y = 70………………..(ii)

Adding (i) and (ii) we have

2x  = 80

x = 40

Putting x = 40 in equation (ii)

y = 70 – 40 = 30

Hence the speed of the auto starts from  A  is 40 km/hr and which starts from B is 30 km/hr

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