Difference Between Kinetic and Potential Energy and Verification of their Formulas
Difference Between Kinetic and Potential Energy: Kinetic energy of an object is the efficiency of doing work by a moving object and Potential energy is the efficiency of doing work by a stationary object in its special position or configuration. When an object is thrown upwards in the sky,the kinetic energy of the object decreases and its amount is proportional to the square of the velocity of the object, the velocity of the rising object decreases as objects lift up so its kinetic energy decreases and potential energy increases as the height of the object increases with the lift. When the object gets maximum height its kinetic energy becomes zero due to the zero velocity of the object and potential energy becomes maximum due to the gain of maximum height, then the object returns to the earth and its kinetic energy increases with the increase of its velocity and becomes maximum when reaches near to the earth. The sum of kinetic energy and potential energy is the same at every point in the whole journey of the object,it follows the law of conservation of energy. Therefore one form of energy can be transferred to another form of energy.
Difference Between Kinetic and Potential Energy and Verification of their Formulas
Why are Kinetic and Potential energy known as Mechanical energy?
Kinetic energy is associated with the motion of the object and potential energy is associated with the position of the object when it is at rest, so both of them are associated with motion and position therefore both of them are called mechanical energy.
Kinetic Energy: The capacity of doing work by a moving object is known as kinetic energy. kinetic energy depends on the external environment(i.e external imbalance forces).
Verification of the formula for Kinetic Energy:
An object is moved after a force is applied on it and it is displaced to a distance,so work is done on the object,the moving object has an energy depends on the work done on it,in other words we can say the kinetic energy is the total work done on the object.
As we know the formula for work done
W = F.s
As already we have discussed
E_{K}=W = F.s
Work is also defined as the transfer of the energy
W = ΔE
Where W is the work done ,F is the force applied on it and s is the displacement of the object
The formula of the force is
F = m.a,where m is the mass of the object and a is the acceleration produced by the force on the object
E_{K}= m.a.s……..(i)
From third equation of the motion
v² = u² +2as
a = (v² – u²)/2s
Putting the value of a in equation (i)
E_{K} =m. s(v² – u²)/2s
Let the initial velocity,u of the object is zero
E_{K}=(1/2)mv^{2}
Potential Energy: The capacity of doing work by a stationary object in its specific position or configuration is known as potential energy, potential energy depends on the internal environment(i.e particles inside the object).
Verification of the formula for Potential Energy:
Let an object is located at a certain height,h from the ground
The work done on the object in displacing it from the ground is
W = F.h
The work done on the object is stored as Potentil Energy of the object
W =E_{P}
F = mg……(i), where F is the gravitational force against which the work is done on the object
E_{P} = mg.h
Class 9 Physics Important Notes
What is the difference between Distance and Displacement
Difference between velocity and speed
Average Speed and Average velocity
Momentum: Definitions,units,formula and Uses in real life:Class 9 CBSE
The universal law of gravitational force
What is the difference between mass and weight
Thrust and Pressure : Difference
Archimedes Principle: Complete detail
What is the difference between Work,Energy and Power: Class 9 CBSE
CBSE IX Class Science Sample Papers
Class 9 Chemistry Important Notes
Evaporation, Vapourization, and Latent heat
How does the water kept in an earthen pot become cold during summer?
What are the factors affecting evaporation?,
What is the difference between solution, colloid, and suspension?
What is the difference between the element and the compound?
Determining Valency, Net Charge and Molecular Formula
Molar mass,molecular mass and mole concept
If energy is conserved then why do we need to save it for future generations?
Class 9 Biology Important Notes
Difference between Animal cell and Plant Cell
Difference between Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum and Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Function and structure of Mitochondria
Class 9 Science Chapterwise NCERT Solutions and Important notes of Science
Structure and Function of Cell : Cell Biology
What are Chromosomes, DNA and Genes?
Types of plant tissues : Class 9 CBSE Notes
Animal Tissues : Class 9 Science CBSE
What is the green house effect?
You can compensate us
Paytm number 9891436286
The money collected by us will be used for the education of poor students who leaves their study because of a lack of money.
NCERT Solutions of Science and Maths for Class 9,10,11 and 12
NCERT Solutions for class 9 maths
NCERT Solutions for class 9 science
NCERT Solutions for class 10 maths
Class 10 Maths Question Paper CBSE Half Yearly Exam 2022 With Solutions
CBSE Class 10-Question paper of maths 2021 with solutions
CBSE Class 10-Half yearly question paper of maths 2020 with solutions
CBSE Class 10 -Question paper of maths 2020 with solutions
CBSE Class 10-Question paper of maths 2019 with solutions
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science
NCERT Solutions for class 11 maths
Chapter 1-Sets | Chapter 9-Sequences and Series |
Chapter 2- Relations and functions | Chapter 10- Straight Lines |
Chapter 3- Trigonometry | Chapter 11-Conic Sections |
Chapter 4-Principle of mathematical induction | Chapter 12-Introduction to three Dimensional Geometry |
Chapter 5-Complex numbers | Chapter 13- Limits and Derivatives |
Chapter 6- Linear Inequalities | Chapter 14-Mathematical Reasoning |
Chapter 7- Permutations and Combinations | Chapter 15- Statistics |
Chapter 8- Binomial Theorem | Chapter 16- Probability |
CBSE Class 11-Question paper of maths 2015
CBSE Class 11 – Second unit test of maths 2021 with solutions
NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics
chapter 3-Motion in a Straight Line
NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry
Chapter 1-Some basic concepts of chemistry
NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology
NCERT solutions for class 12 maths
Chapter 1-Relations and Functions | Chapter 9-Differential Equations |
Chapter 2-Inverse Trigonometric Functions | Chapter 10-Vector Algebra |
Chapter 3-Matrices | Chapter 11 – Three Dimensional Geometry |
Chapter 4-Determinants | Chapter 12-Linear Programming |
Chapter 5- Continuity and Differentiability | Chapter 13-Probability |
Chapter 6- Application of Derivation | CBSE Class 12- Question paper of maths 2021 with solutions |
Chapter 7- Integrals | |
Chapter 8-Application of Integrals |
Class 12 Solutions of Maths Latest Sample Paper Published by CBSE for 2021-22 Term 2
Class 12 Maths Important Questions-Application of Integrals
Solutions of Class 12 Maths Question Paper of Preboard -2 Exam Term-2 CBSE Board 2021-22
Solutions of class 12 maths question paper 2021 preboard exam CBSE Solution